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Spatiotemporal-Correlation Analysis of Jet Noise from a High-Performance Military Aircraft

Published Online:https://doi.org/10.2514/1.J054442

Correlation analyses of ground-based acoustic-pressure measurements of noise from a tethered F-22A provide insights into the sound-field characteristics with position and engine condition. Time-scaled single-point (auto)correlation functions show that, to the side of the nozzle exit, the temporal-correlation envelope decays rapidly, whereas the envelope decays more slowly in the maximum radiation region and farther downstream. This type of spatial variation has been previously attributed to a transition from fine- to large-scale mixing noise in laboratory-scale jets. Two-point space–time (cross) correlation functions demonstrate that noise from a single engine operating at intermediate power is similar to that from a heated, convectively subsonic laboratory-scale jet, whereas additional features are seen at afterburner, relative to supersonic laboratory jets. A complementary coherence analysis provides estimates of coherence lengths as a function of frequency and location. Acoustic coherence lengths across the ground microphone array are used to analyze one-dimensional, equivalent-source-coherence lengths obtained from the DAMAS-C beamforming algorithm. The source coherence reaches its maximum downstream of the maximum source level, suggesting that uncorrelated sources meaningfully contribute to the dominant source region. In addition to revealing further the nature of the sound field near an advanced tactical engine, the characteristics seen should be useful as a phenomenological comparison point for those trying to model military-scale results both experimentally and numerically.

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