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Aeroservoelastic Control Law Development for the Integrated Adaptive Wing Technology Maturation Wind-Tunnel Test

AIAA 2021-0609
Session: Aero-Structural Interactions I
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In this paper, a linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) regulator was applied to a computational aeroservoelastic (ASE) model of the Integrated Adaptive Wing Technology Maturation (IAWTM) wind-tunnel model to demonstrate its effectiveness for active flutter suppression. The aerodynamics within this computational ASE model were solved using unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations; the structural dynamics of the model were solved using modal analysis. This RANS-based ASE model was used as the plant for the LQG regulator, which utilized a Kalman filter and controller that were derived from a reduced-order model (ROM) of the RANS-based ASE model. This ROM-based ASE model was generated using system identification techniques. It was shown that the Kalman filter adequately predicted important states of the plant, and that the LQG regulator successfully stabilized an aeroelastically unstable plant without exceeding reasonable control surface limitations. All of this was demonstrated using simulation data, and the methods presented here appear feasible for use in the upcoming IAWTM wind-tunnel tests.